Information for British Citizens covered by the Withdrawal Agreement

Following the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government., information is now split into separate sections for those British citizens who were already resident in Austria as of 31.12.2020 and those who were not. The information below applies to British citizens already in Austria as of 31.12.2020.

Only moved to Austria after 31.12.2020? Information for British Citizens who moved in 2021 can be found here.

FAQs

The Austrian authorities have notified me that my benefits will be suspended until I can prove that I am legally resident. What can I do?

Note: this FAQ only applies for British Citizens who were legally resident in Austria before 1 January 2021.

British in Austria has received several reports from around Austria from British citizens, covered under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  , who have had their access to unemployment and family benefits (in particular in relation to maternity leave) suspended. Those affected had received communications from the competent bodies (typically regional service centres of the ÖGK in the case of family benefits and AMSArbeitsmarktservice The Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services, and matches candidates with job openings and assists jobseekers and companies by providing advice, information, qualification opportunities and financial assistance. offices in the case of unemployment benefits), advising that their benefits had been suspended until they could provide proof of valid residence in Austria (i.e. Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card) as their previous residency documents (AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) or Bescheinigung des DaueraufenthaltsBescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts für EWR Bürger This is the document you can apply for after 5 years' continuous and legal residency in Austria. It confirms that you have the right to permanent residency under EU rules as an EU citizen. It requires you to provide proof of residency, employment or sufficient financial resources, and all-risks medical and health insurance cover. Holders of this document are guaranteed the Article 50 EUV card via a quick and easy process in 2021. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020)) were no longer valid. A small sample of cases covering different benefits were escalated to the British Embassy and the BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery. as Ministry in charge of the enforcement of the legislation about residency. The BMI has clarified that it is not the competent ministry for benefits-related enquiries. Subsequently the Embassy has had contacts to the Sozialministerium and Bundeskanzleramt.

The outcome from the Embassy’s contact to the SozialministeriumSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance and Bundeskanzleramt is the clarification that for British citizens who were legally resident in Austria before 1 January 2021 and continue to live in Austria, access to Austrian benefits remains unchanged compared to EU nationals. Until 31 December 2021, access to such benefits is not dependent on having applied for or received an Article 50 EUV cardAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.. The ministry is now contacting the registration authorities handling Art 50 EUV card applications to ensure that they are aware of this.

In light of this development, we would recommend that people in this situation try to obtain an appointment to apply for their Art 50 EUV card at their local registration authority at the earliest possible opportunity. As soon as you receive the Bestätigung der Antragstellung, you should send a copy of this to the authority that has contacted you about your benefits being suspended, and to then send a copy of your Art 50 EUV card once you receive it.

Other related items:

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My Art 50 EUV card covering letter contains a section about “Rechtsmittelbelehrung” Do I need to do anything?

Note: this FAQ is specific to Vienna – and relates to correspondence for Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. cards issued by MA35Magistratsabteilung 35 Residency and citizenship issues in Vienna are handled by Magistratsabteilung 35 (MA35). It has several offices in Vienna and where you need to go depends on whether or not you are an EU citizen (you go to one or other of its EU Referat offices depending on the district you live in), or its premises for third country nationals..

The issuance of your card is ultimately in the form of an administrative decision (Bescheid) which the letter from MA35 is. All such decisions contain information about the right of appeal, which is contained in the section of the letter/Bescheid entitled “Rechtsmittelbelehrung” (ordinary right of appeal).

Since the right of appeal has to be made within four weeks of receipt of the Bescheid, this is another reason why cards are being sent out as RsA-Briefe, so that start of the four week period in which an appeal may be lodged is clear (i.e. at the point of legal delivery of the letter to you).

In the case that you have received the card, you are likely to not wish to appeal against the decision, so you just ignore this part of the letter (and the Bescheid then becomes legally effective upon expiry of the this four week period).

In case you do wish to complain about the decision, you would have to submit a full justification in writing about the grounds on which you wish to appeal (Beschwerde), including the grounds on which the Bescheid is legally inadmissible and any information that serves of proof that the decision is inaccurate. You must also state whether you wish an oral hearing (mundliche Verhandlung) at the Administrative Court (Verwaltungsgericht) at the time that you submit your appeal (Beschwerde). You are also required to pay a EUR 30 fee for appealing.

Note: Further clarification is being sought regarding whether this type of an appeal process also applies for people issued a five year card, who believe that they should have received/were entitled to a ten year card.

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Can the Art 50 EUV card be used as a travel document?

No. The Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card is a residence permit, not a travel document. It is also not proof of citizenship. When you travel, even within the Schengen AreaSchengen Area The Schengen Area is European border control-free travel area, consisting of all EU Member States except for Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland and Romania, as well as Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein., you should continue to carry your British passport on you when crossing borders. When entering the Schengen area, you should show your Art 50 EUV card with your passport to avoid having your passport stamped.

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I applied in early January 2021, why is my Art 50 EUV card post-dated?

The validity of the Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card does not start with the date of the application, but instead with the conclusion of the underlying procedure and the decision to grant the card to the applicant (which is only concluded after further checks after the initial appointment).

In the time between the appointment and the issuing of the card, you are still legally resident on the basis of the Bestätigung des AntragsBescheinigung über die Antragstellung When applying for the Art 50 EUV card, you will be given a certificate, the Bescheinigung über die Antragstellung (Bestätigung des Antrags) that confirms your legal residence until your Art 50 EUV card is issued..

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What is the legal basis for the taking of fingerprints?

A number of British citizens in Austria have mentioned that they were surprised about fingerprints being taken when they applied for the Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card, and questioned the legality of this. The taking of fingerprints is stipulated in Regulation (EU) 2019/1157 (Full title: Regulation (EU) 2019/1157 on strengthening the security of identity cards of Union citizens and of residence documents issued to Union citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement).

The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz Durchführungsverordnung (NAG-DV) defines the procedure regarding fingerprints in § 2b.

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What kinds of extra documentation requests have been received by applicants from MA35?

Some applicants have been asked to provide further documentation after their initial appointment with MA35Magistratsabteilung 35 Residency and citizenship issues in Vienna are handled by Magistratsabteilung 35 (MA35). It has several offices in Vienna and where you need to go depends on whether or not you are an EU citizen (you go to one or other of its EU Referat offices depending on the district you live in), or its premises for third country nationals. in Arndtstrasse (UnterlagenanforderungUnterlagenanforderung An Unterlagenanforderung is a communication from an authority processing the Art 50 EUV card requesting supplementary information to assist them in making a decision on your application.) to support their application. We are collecting feedback from applicants about this second stage, and will add to this question accordingly as new information becomes available. The following list is a compiled list of the requested extra documentation that we have been made aware of by applicants applying in Vienna:

  • Documentary proof of residence in Austria for the last 5 years (suggested items include purchase contracts for real estate, medical statements, utility bills, bank statements etc.)
  • A Bescheinigung des DaueraufenthaltsBescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts für EWR Bürger This is the document you can apply for after 5 years' continuous and legal residency in Austria. It confirms that you have the right to permanent residency under EU rules as an EU citizen. It requires you to provide proof of residency, employment or sufficient financial resources, and all-risks medical and health insurance cover. Holders of this document are guaranteed the Article 50 EUV card via a quick and easy process in 2021. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) (requested from someone resident since prior to 1.1.2006, where they had ticked Daueraufenthaltsrecht, but no Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts had been submitted with their application).
  • Proof of insurance (in the case of someone privately insured holding a Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts as the subsequent checks by MA35 had thrown up a query due to their not being in the ÖGK/SVS system).
  • Copy of a valid passport (the applicant’s passport had expired between the appointment and the subsequent checks). Note: according to the Federal Chancellery Website, there is no requirement for a minimum remaining validity of six months as some people have been informed when applying in other parts of Austria.
  • A signature on the “Personalisierungsblatt” – in the hurry to get applications through, MA35 were not asking people to physically sign in front of them. Note: people receiving this request do however receive clarification about the length of card they will receive as it contains information about the validity of the card to be issued.

Legal Basis for requesting further information:

Article 18 (k) – (n) of the Withdrawal Agreement

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What should frontier workers living in Austria working in Liechtenstein bear in mind?

British citizens working for companies in Liechtenstein who are resident in Austria should bear the following in mind:

Prior to the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government., British citizens working in Liechtenstein residing in Austria were required to hold a GrenzgängermeldebestätigungGrenzgängermeldebestätigung The Grenzgängermeldebestätigung (GMB) is a permit for work issued by the authorities in Liechtenstein for EEA citizens resident in the EEA or Switzerland. There is no quota system for it. (GMBGrenzgängermeldebestätigung The Grenzgängermeldebestätigung (GMB) is a permit for work issued by the authorities in Liechtenstein for EEA citizens resident in the EEA or Switzerland. There is no quota system for it.) that were issued by the authorities in Liechtenstein for EEA citizens resident in the EEA or Switzerland. Such GMB cards can be continued to be held for as long as they remain in their current job, or where there is a move between jobs and employers without a break within Liechtenstein.

In the event of there being a break between jobs, then British citizens would revert to third country national3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states. (3CN3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states.) status and as a result of the loss of freedom of movement would be required to apply for a Grenzgängerbewilligung (G), which is available to non-EEA or non-Swiss citizens resident in the EEA (e.g. Austria) or Switzerland. There is no quota system in place for the GMB, whereas quotas applied for the G.

Any British Citizen moving to Austria now would have to apply for a residency visa as they would not be within the scope of the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  , as well as then also having to apply for a 3CN work visa to be able to work in Liechtenstein.

Further information can be obtained from the Ausländer- und Passamt of the Liechtensteinische Landesverwaltung.

Ausländer- und Passamt (APA)
Städtle 38, FL-9490 Vaduz
Tel: +423 236 61 41
http://www.apa.llv.li

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I have 5 years legal residency but couldn’t get an appointment in 2020. Can I still get a 10 year Art 50 EUV card?

  • I have reached 5 years legal residence, but couldn’t get an appointment for the necessary residency permit under EU law before the end of 2020. Is it still possible to get a 10 year Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card?

As a rule a 10-year card may be issued where a right of permanent residency has been obtained in the past, however a in individual cases, the circumstances may be considered on a case-by-case basis. In this case it is recommended that the applicant contacts their case officer.

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From what age are children required to attend Art 50 EUV card appointments and be fingerprinted?

Rules define that fingerprints are to be taken for all persons aged 6 and over, and therefore all children aged 6 and over are required to attend in person.

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Which relatives should I list in my Art 50 EUV application?

  • Should all relatives be listed on the application form, or only those who live here or wish to live here?
  • Should deceased children or adult children not living here be listed?

MA35Magistratsabteilung 35 Residency and citizenship issues in Vienna are handled by Magistratsabteilung 35 (MA35). It has several offices in Vienna and where you need to go depends on whether or not you are an EU citizen (you go to one or other of its EU Referat offices depending on the district you live in), or its premises for third country nationals. advises to applicants to raise these questions when applying in person, however as a rule only relatives currently living in Austria are required to be listed.

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My residency document under EU law was not able to be issued before 31.12.20, what can I do?

I was in the process of getting my AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020)/Bescheinigung des DaueraufenthaltsBescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts für EWR Bürger This is the document you can apply for after 5 years' continuous and legal residency in Austria. It confirms that you have the right to permanent residency under EU rules as an EU citizen. It requires you to provide proof of residency, employment or sufficient financial resources, and all-risks medical and health insurance cover. Holders of this document are guaranteed the Article 50 EUV card via a quick and easy process in 2021. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) at the end of 2020, but the process was not concluded before 31.12.2020.

Applicants should make an appointment for the Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card using the MA35 online appointment calendar with Referat 5.2 (MA35Magistratsabteilung 35 Residency and citizenship issues in Vienna are handled by Magistratsabteilung 35 (MA35). It has several offices in Vienna and where you need to go depends on whether or not you are an EU citizen (you go to one or other of its EU Referat offices depending on the district you live in), or its premises for third country nationals. will update its website further).

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What fees are applicable for the Art 50 EUV card?

The fee for the “Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.” residency permit has been set at € 61.50 in the Gebührengesetz (amended in December 2020 and published in the Federal Legal Gazette in January 2021). In addition charges also apply, where not already charged for, for documents added to a file of € 14.30 for a passport and € 7.20 for documents about your personal status (e.g. birth or marriage certificates).

In the case that the applicant holds any of the following documents granting a right of permanent residence in Austria, then the €61.50 is waived (this procedure is known as “Umtausch” – a straight swap):

  • Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthaltes (§53a NAGNiederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz (Residency and Settlement Act) is the Austrian law governing residency for foreign citizens in Austria.),
  • Daueraufenthaltskarte (§54a NAG)
  • Aufenthaltstitel „Daueraufenthalt–EU“ (§ 45 NAG)
  • Or any other (older) residency title that confers a permanent residency right in Austria

In the case of a British citizen being continuously resident in Austria for 5 years and satisfying the conditions for a residency permit under EU law, they are deemed to have acquired the right to permanent residence, even in the case of their not having had an AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) or Bescheinigung des DaueraufenthaltsBescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts für EWR Bürger This is the document you can apply for after 5 years' continuous and legal residency in Austria. It confirms that you have the right to permanent residency under EU rules as an EU citizen. It requires you to provide proof of residency, employment or sufficient financial resources, and all-risks medical and health insurance cover. Holders of this document are guaranteed the Article 50 EUV card via a quick and easy process in 2021. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) issued, but in this case the free “Umtausch” is not possible.

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I am currently employed on a short-term contract ending soon? Can I apply for my Art 50 EUV card?

Original question to Embassy Q&A in November 2020 – response January 2021. “Can a contract as proof of employment be accepted when applying for the Aufenthaltstitel Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card even where the contract is issued with an end date only a short time in the future?”

A temporary contract is proof of being employed (right now). However the authority has to take into account the future situation of the applicant to an extent. If this is a person who has been living in Austria for a while and has always held temporary jobs, that should not be a concern. On the other hand, if a person moved to Austria only recently and has only worked for a short time (eg a few months) and no further contracts for employment yet, that person will most likely have to show sufficient income and comprehensive healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance. It really depends on the individual circumstances, which will be taken into account by the offices. The best advice in this situation is still to apply once the person has a job/binding job offer as that makes the process much easier for all concerned. Application is possible until the end of 2021.

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What are the rules about passport photos for my Art 50 EUV card?

Source: www.bmi.gv.at/passbild

There are a number of points to remember about your passport photo. Shops offering passport photos may still be open even in a lockdown, but it is a good idea to phone them to check, as their opening hours might differ from their normal ones. If you request Passbilder, more often than not they will print them on a card with four pictures and a fifth one that proves they are biometrically in line as well as having a date on them. Take the entire sheet with you – the authorities will be able to cut out a photo and you will have proof that they are recent (i.e. less than 6 months old).

From the BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery. guidance, the following applies:

  • The photographs must be less than six months old.
  • The photographs must be sharp, well lit and with good contrast.
  • The face must be straight on and centred in the picture.
  • If wearing a face covering, the face must be visible from the base of the chin to above the eyes.
  • The paper should be glossy (and not contoured as is often the case with school photos taken for children)
  • Red eye” pictures cannot be accepted.
  • If you wear glasses, your eyes must not be obscured by the frames of your glasses or light reflections in your glasses.
  • Babies should not have a dummy in, and not be crying in the photo, and should not be wearing a hat on.
  • In the case of black and white pictures, the contrast and lighting requirements must also be observed.

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What will the “Art 50 EUV” residency title allow me to do? What will I be able to do in the future?

The “Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.” residency title authorises you to stay and work in Austria. It will allow you, for example to change from working as an employee in fixed employment to being self-employed or vice versa.

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Does registration in Austria as a secondary residence or holiday home affect whether I can apply for residency?

The quality of your registration as principle or secondary residence (HauptwohnsitzHauptwohnsitz Your Hauptwohnsitz is your principle place of residence, i.e. where you typically have the centre of your vital interests. Other residences are known as Nebenwohnsitze. or NebenwohnsitzZweitwohnsitz Secondary places of residence (e.g. holiday homes that you spend some time in yourself, pied-à-terres, granny flats) are known as Zweitwohnsitze (in legal terms) or Nebenwohnsitze (in common parlance). While you may reside at a secondary residence for part of the time, it does not constitute the centre of your vital interests. It is of course possible to change your residence status (i.e. from your Zweitwohnsitz to Hauptwohnsitz - known as Ummeldung) to reflect changes in circumstances, although you should be aware that "flipping" is not intended for short-term changes and that doing so can affect the status of grants etc. contingent on the location of your vital interests. respectively), is not decisive, but your actual residency in Austria. If you spend most of your time in Austria each year (more than 6 months) and wish to continue to live here you will have to apply for an “Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.” card by the end of 2021, or for an Austrian non-EU residence permit which is restrictive and difficult to get. If, you only visit say a couple of times of year (e.g. to spend a vacation in a holiday home) and don’t spend most of the year in Austria, then you are not covered by the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   and will have to apply for a residency title under the Settlement and Residency Act (NAGNiederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz (Residency and Settlement Act) is the Austrian law governing residency for foreign citizens in Austria.; Niederlassungs- und AufenthaltsgesetzNiederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz (Residency and Settlement Act) is the Austrian law governing residency for foreign citizens in Austria.).

Further information about the various residency permits in Austria can be found at: https://www.migration.gv.at/en/welcome/?no_cache=1

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I am a resident in Austria since before 31.12.2020. I recently lost my job and am looking for work. Do I have to leave Austria?

From information published by the BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery. on 17.12.2020 – No, you do not have to leave Austria. From 01.01.2021 it will be necessary to apply for the “Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.”. As was the case as a citizen of an EU Member State, in the case that you are not in employment you and your family must be able to afford to live in Austria without recourse to social assistance (money received from the AMSArbeitsmarktservice The Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services, and matches candidates with job openings and assists jobseekers and companies by providing advice, information, qualification opportunities and financial assistance. are not considered as social assistance, but as insurance-based funds) and have healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance coverage. Unemployment benefit is also considered as means to support yourself since it is insurance-based funds rather than social assistance.

You can apply for the Art 50 EUV card until 31.12.2021, so it is possible to first of all find a job and then apply for the “Art 50 EUV” residency title. You are entitled to remain in Austria for the time until you make your application for the Art 50 EUV card.

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How should I prepare if travelling internationally?

When travelling abroad, irrespective of whether you are leaving the Schengen areaSchengen Area The Schengen Area is European border control-free travel area, consisting of all EU Member States except for Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland and Romania, as well as Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. or not, you should carry your residence card (if your Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card has been issued), as well as your valid passport whenever you travel. If you have applied applied for your Art 50 EUV card, but have not yet received it, you should also carry the certificate that confirms you have applied for the Art 50 EUV card.

If you have not yet applied for a residence card, you should carry proof of residency in Austria. Proof of residency could be in the form of your MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration. or a rental agreement or utility bill dating from 2020.

If you are unable to prove you are resident in Austria, you may be asked additional questions at the border to enter the Schengen area, and your passport may be stamped. This will not affect your rights in Austria.

Acknowledgements: UK Embassy Living in Austria (Update 16.12.2020)

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I’ve been in Vienna for 4 years, studying and working, will I be able to get an Art 50 EUV card?

If you have been living in Austria for less than 5 years, you will be eligible for an Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card, with 5 years’ validity. You’ll have to provide evidence about your personal situation (as a worker, student, self-sufficient person, British family member or British spouse of an Austrian national) and proof of comprehensive healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance. After you have been here for more than 5 five years, you may be eligible for long-term/permanent residency status, and time spent studying here would count.

There is further information in the Austrian government’s Brexit FAQs at: https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/en/topics/brexit/residency-and-access-to-the-labour-market.html

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I have a British spouse (not working) and hold a visa as a dependent of an EU citizen? Can we get the Art 50 EUV card?

Based on information supplied by the BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery.: eligibility is likely to be contingent on your respective employment statuses (and whether your spouse continued to be considered as “Erwerbstätig” for residency purposes if not currently working) in the case of your holding a Visa as an EU-Angehörige(r).

In the case that you have acquired long-term resident status (e.g. due to your spouse previously having worked for five continuous years or
having sufficient income and comprehensive healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance for five
continuous years), then your spouse’s income for this time could also be your legal income.

It is also possible to combine times of employment/self-employment for
your spouse and their proving (through you) sufficient income and comprehensive health insurance. If that is the case your spouse (and any children you have with British citizenship can apply for Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.
permanent residence, and you apply for Art 50 EUV – Familienangehörige(r).

If you have not got long-term resident status, you can both
still the respective Artikel 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. residence permits providing your earnings allow your wife to show sufficient income and you both have comprehensive health insurance.

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We’re expecting a child in 2021, how should we do the Art 50 EUV card application?

Based on having the necessary residency paperwork in place that proves your residence in Austria prior to 31 December 2020, the following applies in 2021. The BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery. advises that you will only need to have applied for the Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card yourself/yourselves. You will be issued with a Bescheinigung über die AntragstellungBescheinigung über die Antragstellung When applying for the Art 50 EUV card, you will be given a certificate, the Bescheinigung über die Antragstellung (Bestätigung des Antrags) that confirms your legal residence until your Art 50 EUV card is issued. that says you have applied, and which confirms your legal entitlement to stay in Austria until the actual Art 50 EUV card is issued.

You will then have to apply for a residence permit for your child in the same way as you apply for yourself – and will have until 31 December 2021 to do so (according to the draft regulation/ordinance (Brexit-DVBrexit Durchführungsverordnung The Brexit Durchführungsverordnung (Brexit Implementation Regulation) is the Regulation/ordinance in Austrian law that will cover issues about residency for British citizens after the end of the transition period.) that covers the residency title of British citizens living in Austria as of 31.12.2020).

Your child’s application will require:

  • A copy of their birth certificate (you would be well advised to get an international birth certificate issued, and to have two copies done of it when you register the birth)
  • A passport photo
  • A British passport for your child

Other information about new babies can be found on https://www.oesterreich.gv.at/themen/familie_und_partnerschaft/geburt.html

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Is there any way I can obtain permanent residency before 5 years?

Yes, under certain specific circumstances you can obtain permanent residency without having to stay for 5 years. If you qualify you can apply directly for the permanent (10 year) Article 50 card.


You qualify for permanent residency before 5 years if you are no longer working AND:

  1. If you were (self-)employed, and when you stopped working had reached the Austrian pension age (no residency duration requirement.)
    • If you were self-employed, but Austrian law doesn’t grant your category of work a pension right, you can claim at age 60 (no residency duration requirement.)
  2. If you were (self-)employed and when you stopped working took an early pension, you must have lived in Austria for 3 years and been working for at least the last 2 years before you retired.
  3. If you were (self-)employed and have lived in Austria continuously for more than 2 years, and you stopped working because of a permanent incapacity to work.
  4. If you were (self-)employed in and have lived in Austria continuously for at least 2 years and you stopped working because of a permanent incapacity.
    • If that incapacity was due to an accident at work, or an occupational illness that grants you social benefits, you qualify straight away (no residency duration requirement.)

If you are a family member of someone who has permanent residence because of one of the cases above, you also gain it.

  1. If a (self-)employed person who has not yet earned permanent residence rights dies, family members residing with him at the time will straight-away qualify for permanent residence, provided that the deceased had resided and worked in Austria continuously for at least the previous two years.
    • As in point 4 above, if the death was due to an accident at work or occupational disease, there is no time restriction.

Reference: Article 13(1) Withrdawal Agreement (EU Directive 2019/C 384 I/01) which refers directly to Article 17 (1)a,b,c of the “Freedom of Movement” (EU Directive 2004/38/EC)

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I am considering taking Austrian citizenship. What are the comparative benefits of naturalisation or permanent residence?

Even if you are considering applying to take Austrian citizenship, it would be advisable to apply for the Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card in 2021 to cover the eventuality of your naturalisation procedure taking a long time (even the swiftest procedures take months as a minimum).

Naturalisation may require you to prove proficiency in German language and display an adequate degree of integration, whereas the Art 50 EUV card does not stipulate having attained a certain language proficiency.

Austria does not typically allow dual citizenship, so naturalisation apart from under a couple of very specific circumstances would require you to renounce your British citizenship.

One blog – From Brexit to Ex-Brit – covers the naturalisation process in detail.

It should however be noted that from after the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government., British citizens naturalising can expect to be treated as third country nationals (this will remove some of the pathways for naturalisation that are only afforded to citizens of other EU Member States.)

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For pre-2006 arrivals, does a Meldezettel suffice for the Art 50 EUV card application?

For British citizens resident in Austria since prior 1 January 2006, original residence registration form (e.g. MeldezettelMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration.) will also be your registration certificate. Authorities may ask for more evidence of your life in Austria when you apply for the Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card, although the Interior Ministry (BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery.) have made repeated assurances that they are “looking for reasons to grant status, not to refuse status”.

Update 12.01.2021 – information from MA35Magistratsabteilung 35 Residency and citizenship issues in Vienna are handled by Magistratsabteilung 35 (MA35). It has several offices in Vienna and where you need to go depends on whether or not you are an EU citizen (you go to one or other of its EU Referat offices depending on the district you live in), or its premises for third country nationals.:

In the case of anyone who had legally settled in Austria prior to 1.1.2006 registered in accordance with the Meldegesetz 1991 (ie. holding a Meldezettel/MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration.) this registration document has the equivalent quality of a certificate of registration (AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020)), but does not confer an automatic right to permanent residency, since the requirements for permanent residence are required to exist continuously over a period of five years. In the casae of people only holding a Meldezettel, it is necessary to check whether they satisfy the conditions to qualify for a 10 year Art 50 EUV but a 10 year card will in this case be charged for, and it is not possible to “exchange” this existing status into an “Article 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.” residency title free of charge. The application for Article 50 EUV cardAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. must be submitted by 31.12.2021.


The Austrian government’s Brexit FAQs contains further information: https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/en/topics/brexit/residency-and-access-to-the-labour-market.html

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Can short-term employment contracts be used as proof for Art 50 EUV card applications?

This issue has been passed on to the Austrian authorities for further clarification. (Update 30.12.2020 – no response received)

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Will NI contributions continue to be transferable during/after the transition period?

Under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  , the EU’s social security coordination rules will continue to apply in full to individuals in full scope, including UK nationals living and/ or working in the EU and EU citizens living and/ or working in the UK by the end of December 2020, for as long as they remain in full scope.

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What checks and balances and appeals procedures will there be for Art 50 EUV card applications?

UK nationals and their family members have a wide range of routes of redress and complaint available to them under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   and elsewhere. These routes broadly mirror those currently available to UK nationals when exercising free movement rights in the EU.

UK nationals can complain to relevant public bodies in Member States and are granted a statutory right of appeal (administrative and judicial review) in their Member State of residence under the Withdrawal Agreement.

UK nationals will continue to have access to the European Commission’s complaints system; Your Europe Advice; CHAPs; the European Ombudsman; and “PETI”, the European Parliament’s Committee on Petitions.

The European Commission will continue to monitor compliance with EU law via complaints or on its own initiative. This includes rights under the Withdrawal Agreement.

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What is the minimum number of employment hours required for the Article 50 EUV card?

There is no published minimum income or number of hours. When applying for the Article 50 EUV cardAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms., you will need to provide evidence of your personal situation (as a worker, student, self-sufficient person, British family member or British spouse of an Austrian national) as well as proof of comprehensive healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance. As a guidleline, the BMIBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery. assured us that a minimum of around 5 1/2 hours per week would be enough. This is not set in stone and cases that are borderline will also be considered

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How will temporary absences be calculated in relation to the Art 50 EUV card?

For holders of the 5-year card, absences “not exceeding six months a year” are allowed. The Austrian authorities have confirmed that absences will be calculated on a rolling basis, that means a total of 6 months in the last 12 months. This might catch you out if you have a long winter holiday and a long summer holiday in Austria.

Holders of 10-year cards are allowed absences of up to 5 years in a block. So, for example, a period of 2 years away, then a month back and another absence of 4 years is allowed.

Card holders who spend a lot of time abroad are in any case advised to keep a note (and as necessary proof of travel) about dates of travel. If there is any doubt as to when you were in or out of Austria, the onus is on you to prove it.

There are special conditions for longer absences in exceptional situations, such as for studying, caring for an elderly relative, postings abrioad by your employer, or military service. These exceptions must be applied for.

If you break the rules and are away for too long, you risk losing your residency rights under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   for ever.

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Do I need to nostrify / convert UK degrees and/or professional qualifications?

The recognition of academic degrees is not affected by the UK leaving the EU.
If you didn’t apply before the end of 2020 for recognition of any professional qualifications in regulated professions (such as teaching, law, nursing, etc), it is probably too late.

Further information: https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/en/topics/brexit/education-studying-youth-mobility-and-research.html

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Does a UK driving licence exchanged for one in another EU Member State, need to be exchanged again?

It has repeatedly been advised to exchange UK driving licences for an Austrian one before the end of transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government.. In some cases people may have already exchanged their licence in another EU country, and subsequently moved to Austria with that (non-Austrian) EU licence.

Austria does not always permit exchange of EU licenses that were themselves obtained by exchange from third country licences (for example, if your original DL was obtained in a country not accepted by Austria, but then converted to a Spanish licence, your Spanish licence may well not be accepted and you will have to take an Austrian driving test). In the case of holding a licence issued elsewhere, it is necessary to abide my the Austrian regulations for that country. Not all countries’ driving licences are listed as equivalent. (List of countries classed as equivalent can be found here (in German))

UK driving licences should be exchanged for an Austrian one within 6 months of arriving in Austria. Holders of licences issued in other jurisdictions must abide by Austrian regulations for that jurisdiction. Licences from other EU countries do not need to be exchanged when you move within the EU. However, if you are, or intend to be, a long-term resident, it may be advisable to exchange your licence for an Austrian one.

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If you meet residence criteria in more than one EU country, can you apply for residency in more than one country?

It is possible for a British citizen to fulfil the residence criteria under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   in more than one EU country (for example by having gained permanent residence in one EU country after more than five years working there, and then subsequently moving to work and reside in another EU country prior to the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government., you moved to work and reside in another EU country).

If you have gained a permanent residence in one EU country, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement if you return there within five years of your departure (although this will depend on the host country rules as to whether you need to apply for a new permanent residence status under the Withdrawal Agreement). You can apply for protection of your Withdrawal Agreement rights in another EU country while still retaining the rights to permanent residence in a country you lived before for a certain period.

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Will it be possible to move ageing parents over to Austria for care purposes in the future?

Under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  , UK nationals covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be able to be joined by close family members in the host state in which they reside at any point in the future, based on current EU rules, where the relationship existed before the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government..

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When the Art 50 EUV card expires after 10 years will the same renewal process apply for the next 10 years?

No, not quite. The so-called 10-year card only needs renewing every 10 years because of the photograph, just as a passport is renewed. There can be no checks for employment or income limits, or whether you are on social-security or similar. Once you have earnerd permanent residency rights (which is confirmed by you having a 10-year card) the only checks they can make are to see if you have been away for more than 5 years or if you pose a serious risk to public or national security. Your residency is otherwise permanent, guaranteed for life.


You will still have to apply for renewal at your local “Ausländeramt” though, and there might be a small administration fee.

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What will the situation be for children of UK nationals living in the EU regarding studying in the UK in the future?

UK nationals living in the EU (or in EEA/EFTA states and Switzerland) and who return to the UK to study will continue to be eligible for student support from Student Finance, home fee status, Further Education 19+ and apprenticeship funding provided they meet the prevailing published eligibility requirements. This right has been extended so that UK nationals living in the EU or Switzerland will continue to be eligible for support for courses starting within seven years of the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government. (i.e. for courses starting prior to 1 January 2028).

The devolved administrations have made similar commitments. Education and skills funding is devolved and the exact entitlements and eligibility may vary between the separate parts of the UK.

Unfortunately the UK withdrew from the Erasmus and Erasmus+ schemes as part of the “future relationship deal” in December 2020

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Will British Citizens be able to use their UK driving licence in Austria?

The answer depends on whether you are resident in Austria or not (and of for employment in Austria you are likely to be required to be resident). From a draft amendment of Austrian law relating to driving licences, British citizens resident in Austria will need to exchange their licences by 30 June 2021. Family members joining you in Austria will have 6 months to exchange their licences after arrival.

British citizens residing in the UK, on the other hand, will be able to use their UK licence for trips to Austria (i.e. as tourists), but will be limited in terms of amount of time that can be spent in Austria to 90 days out of 180 days. (Source: https://www.gov.uk/visit-europe-1-january-2021)

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I hold a passport of another EU Member State in addition to British citizenship. Do I need to get an Art 50 EUV card?

If you originally registered in Austria using a British passport, have not included your other nationality on your MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration. or AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020), you will need to update these accordingly so the authorities are aware of your other (and therefore EU) nationality, otherwise you will have to apply for the new Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card in 2021.

In addition, you should also inform both the ÖGK and Finanzamt – your employer may be able to assist in this regard through payroll accounting.

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I am a long-term resident with an Austrian spouse. Will I have to change my residency paperwork?

Regardless of who you are married to, or how long you have been here before 2021, every British citizen must apply for either an Article 50 card, or for the more restrictive non-EU citizen residency permit before the end of 2021.

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Why do I need to change my UK Driving Licence to an Austrian one?

If you are resident in Austria, you will need to exchange your licence for an Austrian one. A draft amendment to Austrian law is due to extended the deadline for doing so until 30 June 2021, in the event that you are unable to do so by the end of 2020. Validity of licences with additional categories (e.g. for driving certain types of vehicle or pulling large trailers) that are issued in another EEA state will expire at the time stated on the driver’s licence, but no later than five years after transferring of residence.

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When can I apply for my Art 50 EUV card?

Applications open in January 2021 (4 January due to public holidays and the weekend). While you can already book appointments in Vienna for January 2021, the application can be made at any time in 2021. Before the end of 2020, you must make sure that your current residency documents are in order.

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I live in a neighbouring EU country and commute to Austria for work, what will I have to do?

British citizens holding permanent residence in a neighbouring country and working in Austria, commuting on a daily/weekly basis, in particular on cross-border contracts already classed as EU cross-border commuters, will continue to be recognised as such and won’t need work permits to continue this arrangement after 31 December 2020 as UK cross-border or “frontier” workers covered by the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  . However they will not be entitled to an Aufenthaltstitel Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms., but may apply for a certificate “Bestätigung gemäß § 3 Absatz 8 Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz für “Artikel 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.GrenzgängerFrontier worker In the EU context, any worker who is employed in the frontier zone of an EU Member State but who returns each day or at least once a week to the frontier zone of a neighbouring country in which they reside and of which they are nationals as called frontier workers. German uses the terms "Grenzarbeitnehmer" and "Grenzgänger". und Grenzgängerinnen” at the regional office of the Austrian Public Employment ServiceArbeitsmarktservice The Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services, and matches candidates with job openings and assists jobseekers and companies by providing advice, information, qualification opportunities and financial assistance. (AMSArbeitsmarktservice The Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services, and matches candidates with job openings and assists jobseekers and companies by providing advice, information, qualification opportunities and financial assistance.; ArbeitsmarktserviceArbeitsmarktservice The Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services, and matches candidates with job openings and assists jobseekers and companies by providing advice, information, qualification opportunities and financial assistance.), certifying their frontier workerFrontier worker In the EU context, any worker who is employed in the frontier zone of an EU Member State but who returns each day or at least once a week to the frontier zone of a neighbouring country in which they reside and of which they are nationals as called frontier workers. German uses the terms "Grenzarbeitnehmer" and "Grenzgänger". status under Article 26 of the Withdrawal Agreement.

Further information: https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/en/topics/brexit/residency-and-access-to-the-labour-market.html

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I am due to marry an Austrian? Are there legal advantages to marrying sooner rather than later?

In terms of residency rights after the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government., marriage will not alter your right to the Article 50 EUV cardAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. in 2021. If you are legally resident in Austria prior to 1 January 2021 you will qualify for the Article 50 EUV card.

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When will the 2020-21 ski season open?

Currently there is still ongoing debate about when, how and whether resorts in Austria will be opening for the 2020-21 season. A list of proposed opening dates (subject to change) is available on the austria.info tourism portal.

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If my passport is being renewed, can I use an Emergency Travel Document for my Art 50 EUV card application?

Background: Some people in the Facebook groupsthe Facebook groups Britishinaustria.net draws upon its two Facebook groups as a source of questions to address in FAQs or to refer to the authorities or to request clarification from government ministries or HM British Embassy. These groups can be found at: British in Austria: https://www.facebook.com/groups/BritishAustria British in Europe ~ Austria: https://www.facebook.com/groups/BritishinAustria   have asked whether they can use an Emergency Travel DocumentEmergency Travel Document The Emergency Travel Document (sometimes also called an Emergency Passport) is issued for British citizens abroad who need to travel who do not have a passport for travel (e.g. due to loss/theft/expiry of their previous travel document) and are unable to apply for one in time. Full eligibility criteria can be found on the section of the UK Government Website about Emergency Travel Documents. (ETDEmergency Travel Document The Emergency Travel Document (sometimes also called an Emergency Passport) is issued for British citizens abroad who need to travel who do not have a passport for travel (e.g. due to loss/theft/expiry of their previous travel document) and are unable to apply for one in time. Full eligibility criteria can be found on the section of the UK Government Website about Emergency Travel Documents.) in the case that their passport is being renewed for their Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. card application.

Response from HM Embassy – received 09.11.2020.

UK nationals will need to use their standard British passports when applying for the new Article 50 EUV cardAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms.. We would like to reassure you that the COVID-related backlog in processing passport applications earlier in the year has now been cleared.

The application process for the new residency card will be open for the whole of 2021, so it is not necessary for everyone to apply at the start of January. There is no requirement for future validity (i.e. 6 months) on a passport used as proof of nationality when evidencing rights under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  .

UK nationals resident in Austria whose passports are approaching expiry should replace the documents in good time.

HM Embassy to britishinaustria.net

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Will a visit to the UK for Christmas, returning after New Year affect my Austrian residency?

No. Your residency in Austria will not be “interrupted” unless you deregister your primary residence in Austria. The Residency and Settlement ActNiederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz (Residency and Settlement Act) is the Austrian law governing residency for foreign citizens in Austria. states that brief visits do not constitute an interruption of residency (§2 (7) NAG) In the event that you are stranded in the UK for an extended period of time (e.g. due to pandemic related issues where you are unable to physically return to Austria for a number of months due to borders and air corridors being closed) you should contact the authorities to explain the circumstances (legal basis: §45 (6) NAG) to avoid your residency being classed as having been interrupted.

It is strongly advised to take your MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration., AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020), or Bescheinigung des DaueraufenthaltsBescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts für EWR Bürger This is the document you can apply for after 5 years' continuous and legal residency in Austria. It confirms that you have the right to permanent residency under EU rules as an EU citizen. It requires you to provide proof of residency, employment or sufficient financial resources, and all-risks medical and health insurance cover. Holders of this document are guaranteed the Article 50 EUV card via a quick and easy process in 2021. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthalts until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) with you, so that you are able to show them when returning to Austria if you are asked to confirm your legal residence in Austria.

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I have a partner/family member who is planning to join me in Austria in future, will my residency have a bearing on their right to live and work in Austria?

Yes it can.
In 2021 you must apply either for the Article 50 EUV cardAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  , or for one of the titles to be able to stay as a 3rd country national3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states.. The 27 EU nations and the UK wouldn’t have argued for 2 years to get this deal if it were worse than the alternative. In our eyes it’s a no-brainer. The Article 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. wins hands down.

Withdrawal AgreementR-W-RRot-Weiss-Rot, Daueraufenthalt EU and Blaue Karte EU Titles The EU Blue Card is issued in the shape of a bank card and is a combination of residence permit and employment permit. If you are the holder of an EU Blue Card, you are entitled to temporary settlement and to employment with a specific employer. It is issued for a validity period of two years. If you held an EU Blue Card for two years, you may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus, provided you were employed for at least 21 months during the previous 24 months in a job matching your qualification. The Red-White-Red Card  is a combination of residence permit and employment permit. It is valid for two years and entitles you as the holder to settlement and employment with a specific employer. If you change your employer within the first two years, you have to apply for a new Red-White-Red Card. The Red-White-Red Card plus   entitles its holder to settlement and unrestricted employment. If you are the holder of a Red-White-Red Card plus, you may change your employer at any time without having to apply for a new permit. If you held a Red-White-Red Card for two years, you may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus, provided you were employed in accordance with the eligibility requirements for a minimum of 21 months during the previous 24 months. Family members of Red-White-Red Card holders and of holders of an EU Blue Card may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus right away.  
Who can come?core familycore family Direct and close family members. Spouse, registered partner, children under 21 (or over 21 if still dependent), direct parents or grandparents; Adopted children are treated as natural children. (spouse/partner, children, grandchildren, parents, grandparents…)spouse/partner and unmarried children
Language testnoneA1 – may not be more than 1 year old.
After 5 years B1 is required for longer residence
Income test(nominally €1,375 for couples but unlikely to be applied), or a job at least 5.5 hours a week€ 1,524.99 for couples
Duration of permit and cost5 years (€50), then permanent residence is awarded (€70)3 years (€120). After 5 years (€120)
Who can get one? Anyone resident in Austria before 01.01.2021Only highly qualified, or people in a required profession.
Comparison of Withdrawal Agreement against Rot-Weiss-RotRot-Weiss-Rot, Daueraufenthalt EU and Blaue Karte EU Titles The EU Blue Card is issued in the shape of a bank card and is a combination of residence permit and employment permit. If you are the holder of an EU Blue Card, you are entitled to temporary settlement and to employment with a specific employer. It is issued for a validity period of two years. If you held an EU Blue Card for two years, you may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus, provided you were employed for at least 21 months during the previous 24 months in a job matching your qualification. The Red-White-Red Card  is a combination of residence permit and employment permit. It is valid for two years and entitles you as the holder to settlement and employment with a specific employer. If you change your employer within the first two years, you have to apply for a new Red-White-Red Card. The Red-White-Red Card plus   entitles its holder to settlement and unrestricted employment. If you are the holder of a Red-White-Red Card plus, you may change your employer at any time without having to apply for a new permit. If you held a Red-White-Red Card for two years, you may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus, provided you were employed in accordance with the eligibility requirements for a minimum of 21 months during the previous 24 months. Family members of Red-White-Red Card holders and of holders of an EU Blue Card may apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus right away.   residency for family members

Austrian migration website FAQs

There is a calculator here to see if you qualify for any of the third country national3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states. (3CN3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states.) cards.

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What about children born after the end of 2020?

Children born or adopted after the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government. (either in Austria or outside) will be covered by the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   if:

  • Both you and the other parents are right holders or
  • One parent is a right holderRight Holder This is the person who was resident in Austria before 2021 and in their own right is covered by the WA.  Family members who do not themselves hold independent residency rights derive their right from this person. and the other is Austrian, or
  • One parent is a right holder and has joint or sole custody rights of the child

Children born or adopted after the end of the transition period will not have the right to be joined by their own family members.

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What happens if I/we divorce, or I leave Austria, or I die?

Your family members that haven’t gained independent right of residence may still be covered by the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   through “retained rights”. This is a complex subject and you should seek expert advice.

Your family members that have gained independent right of residence will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement and can stay as before.

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Is there a difference between rights gained before or after 2020?

Yes. If you qualified for your rights under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   before the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government. you are considered as a right holderRight Holder This is the person who was resident in Austria before 2021 and in their own right is covered by the WA.  Family members who do not themselves hold independent residency rights derive their right from this person. in the context of family reunions. It is important to note that you need to be a right holder to have your family join you, and that you can only be a right holder if you were living in Austria legally before end of 2020.

Only family members who were here before the end of the transition period can become right holders just like you, even if they were dependents previously. They, like you, will be able to have their core families join them later.

Those core familycore family Direct and close family members. Spouse, registered partner, children under 21 (or over 21 if still dependent), direct parents or grandparents; Adopted children are treated as natural children. members who joined you after the end of the transition period will not be able to become right holders. They will not be allowed to have their future families join them.

Your core family can eventually gain Withdrawal Agreement residency rights for themselves (e.g. by getting a job, becoming a student, or after 5 years of residency in Austria). Depending on whether they were here before or after the end of 2020 will determine whether they can later bring their core families to Austria.

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Can my children pass on their rights to their family?

No. Children or other family members who are not right holders themselves will not be able to bring their future family members to Austria under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration  . Only right holders can do this.

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How long does my family have to register after they arrive?

Family members arriving in 2021 must register within 3 working days for the MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration., and must apply within 3 months of arrival for their Article 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. cards. You as the right holderRight Holder This is the person who was resident in Austria before 2021 and in their own right is covered by the WA.  Family members who do not themselves hold independent residency rights derive their right from this person. must either already have your Article 50 EAV card, or you can apply at the same time as your family.

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I am resident in Austria, and the rest of my family will move in 2021. What will we have to do?

Your core familycore family Direct and close family members. Spouse, registered partner, children under 21 (or over 21 if still dependent), direct parents or grandparents; Adopted children are treated as natural children. members can join you at any time, provided your relationship already existed by 31.12.2020.

Firstly, registration: Get their MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration..

They must then apply for their Art 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. cards as your family members within 3 months of arrival. You can do this either if you already have your own Art 50 EUV card, or alternatively you can apply for the whole family at the same time – there is no fixed recommendation in this regard – so you may choose either way, depending on what is more convenient for you. Confirmations of application will be issued to cover the period until their cards come through.

They will have to show they are supported by you or have their own jobs. As long as you are (self-)employed or self-sufficient they will be covered by you. The order in which to do things or exactly how to get them covered by your Krankenkasse has not yet been resolved. Therefore it would be advisable to contact the ÖGK as soon as you know when your relations are going to be moving out to Austria to join you.

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Can my family members become right holders themselves?

Only someone who themselves have the right to residence in Austria can become right holders. That means that your spouse, who was working and living in Austria before the end of 2020, will in their own right be a right holderRight Holder This is the person who was resident in Austria before 2021 and in their own right is covered by the WA.  Family members who do not themselves hold independent residency rights derive their right from this person.. If they arrived after the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government. ended they will never be able to become a right holder, but can still obtain independent residency rights after five years.

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I am not married or in a registered partnership, can my partner still come?

If you are in a so-called durable partnership and you partner was living in Austria before the end of the transition periodTransition Period The transition period (also referred to as the implementation period) is the period following the UK's departure from the European Union (on 31.01.2020) until the end of 2020. An option to extend this period has not been taken up by the UK government., they will be covered under the Withdrawal AgreementWithdrawal Agreement The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.   If you are resident in Austria at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Austria.   Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations.   https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration   with you as the right holderRight Holder This is the person who was resident in Austria before 2021 and in their own right is covered by the WA.  Family members who do not themselves hold independent residency rights derive their right from this person., as long as you stay together and they remain in Austria.

If your partner was not living in Austria before the end of the transition period, they will not have any automatic rights, but Austria must “facilitate entry and residence in accordance with its national laws”. This will involve extensive examination of your personal situation, for which you must be prepared to provide proof. If accepted, your partner can come under the Withdrawal Agreement. If not accepted, they will have to apply as a third country national3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states. (3CN3rd country nationals Third country nationals are citizens of non-EU/EEA countries. Residency and naturalisation procedures for third country nationals are more complicated than for citizens of EU Member States or EEA signatory states.).

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I am a lawyer and Austrian law does not permit me to practice law as a third country national. What should I do?

Amendments of the Rechtsanwaltsordnung and the EIRAG (the law that allows “passporting” of lawyers) are currently in public consultation. The main thing to do at this time is to check that you are entered into the Liste der Rechtsanwälte or Liste der Rechtsänwaltsanwärter through your local Rechtanwaltskammer. Subject to a trade deal being signed between the UK and the EU, British citizens will remain equivalent for the purposes of these laws.

Information on the gov.uk Living in Austria site

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What future prospects exist of Austria allowing dual citizenship?

Note: this relates to dual citizenship by naturalisation (durch Verleihung). Children of parents of two citizenships, of which one is Austrian (e.g. Austrian mother and British father) may now hold dual citizenship by descent (durch Abstammung).

From September 2020 there has been the possibility for (re)acquiring citizenship by declaration (durch Anzeige) for the victims of persecution under the Nazi regime (who fled Austrian up until May 1955) as well as for their direct descendants. The party submitting the declaration is not required to renounce their previous citizenship in this case. The only other case of dual citizenship being allowed through naturalisation is where citizenship is awarded in the interests of the Republic of Austria (Verleihung im Interesse der Bundesrepublik Österreich).

There have been several initiatives to try to allow dual citizenship, predominantly for Austrians wanting to take a second citizenship and maintaining their Austrian citizenship. This is already possible by exercising a right to retain Austrian citizenship (Beibehaltungsrecht), although the justification to do needs to be well substantiated rather than perceived as trivial.

Any such change would need amendments to be made to Austrian law and therefore require significant political backing since the process would have to make its way through parliament, and many Austrian political parties are not known to be in favour of any relaxation of the law.

It is infeasible that such a landmark change to the law would be made for a single country, and political sensibilities might be particularly averse to any relaxation for citizens from third countries.

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Do I need to change/update my proof of residence if my employment/educational circumstances change?

§51 (2) of the Settlement and Residence Act (NAGNiederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz (Residency and Settlement Act) is the Austrian law governing residency for foreign citizens in Austria.; Niederlassungs- und AufenthaltsgesetzNiederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz The Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz (Residency and Settlement Act) is the Austrian law governing residency for foreign citizens in Austria.) covers the situation of retaining a right to remain for citizens of EEA signatory states in the event that their lose their job, so that if you obtain your AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020) as an employee or self-employed that you remain “erwerbstätig” (i.e. having employed status) under certain circumstances:

  • Due to incapacitation due to an accident or illness
  • Due to being laid off (your employment terminated) after being employed for over one year (provided that you sign on with the unemployment office (AMSArbeitsmarktservice The Austrian Public Employment Service (AMS) is Austria’s leading provider of labour-market related services, and matches candidates with job openings and assists jobseekers and companies by providing advice, information, qualification opportunities and financial assistance.)
  • You commence vocational training related to the previously held position.

Note: for employment relationships of under one year but over six months, a shorter employment relationship (of at least 6 months) will be considered on a pro rata basis.

If this occurs, you should inform the AMS as well as also the residency authorities (Bezirkshauptmannschaft or MA35Magistratsabteilung 35 Residency and citizenship issues in Vienna are handled by Magistratsabteilung 35 (MA35). It has several offices in Vienna and where you need to go depends on whether or not you are an EU citizen (you go to one or other of its EU Referat offices depending on the district you live in), or its premises for third country nationals. (Vienna)) as soon as possible after the change in circumstances.

If you change from being employed to studying full-time (and have the means to support yourself and the necessary healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance coverage), you are deemed to be changing from one eligible group to another one, you should inform the residency authorities of this. This would ensure that there are no doubts that your right to remain in Austria was legal both at the point of your receiving your Anmeldebescheinigung as well as currently following changes in personal circumstances, in say the event of applying for a “Bescheinigung des Daueraufenthaltes” (you would probably be asked to prove your student status as well as your situation in terms of finances and insurance coverage).

Thanks to staff from Vienna Business Agency’s Expat Center for their assistance in providing this answer.

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From when does the five years legal residency start?

The background to this question was that there have been apparently divergent experiences about the 5-year qualification period for various British citizens in Austria in various provinces (from responses to questions in the Facebook groupsthe Facebook groups Britishinaustria.net draws upon its two Facebook groups as a source of questions to address in FAQs or to refer to the authorities or to request clarification from government ministries or HM British Embassy. These groups can be found at: British in Austria: https://www.facebook.com/groups/BritishAustria British in Europe ~ Austria: https://www.facebook.com/groups/BritishinAustria  ). Some were told that the five years residence would only begin from the date of issuing of their AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020), while others were told from their MeldebestätigungMeldezettel Austria requires everyone living in Austria (both Austrians and foreigners) to register their place(s) of residence with the local authorities. The confirmation of this registration is called a Meldebestätigung (EN: confirmation of registration), although it is still affectionately known to many by its former name (the Meldezettel). This is done at your Meldeamt in the Gemeinde or Bezirk you live in. You are required to do your registration within three days of arrival. It is important to do this also because your qualification for permanent residence starts to run from the point of your registration. (which straightaway could make a difference of 3-4 months if both were done promptly). In the case of those with “Neuen Selbständigen” employment status, then it is also possible that the date upon they registered their business activity with their local tax office (Finanzamt) could be applied.

We raised this issue that was escalated to the Ministry for the InteriorBundesministerium für Inneres The Bundesministerium für Inneres (BMI) / Ministry for the Interior (UK counterparty: the Home Office) is competent for public security, policing, border control as well as residency and citizenships. It is also responsible for elections and direct democracy instruments as well as the civil service in the respective provinces, as well as municipal level where they are not covered by the Federal Chancellery. and received the response that in the case for example of the work starting date (either as employed or self-employed) being earlier than the date of the Anmeldebescheinigung, then the earlier date shall apply.

We would recommend in this case (and in the event that you forget to do your Anmeldebescheinigung on time) that you should get hold of a Versicherungszeitenauszug from the SVS or your insurance provider, that would confirm the date from when you have been paying insurance contributions in, which could prove your case. Otherwise your employer can give you a copy of your social insurance registration (if you have changed job in the meantime, you might need to ensure that you have all such documents (e.g. for registration and de-registration) to prove your legal residence.

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What is a regulated profession?

A regulated profession is one where a qualification or certificate of proficiency is required. These include e.g.: healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance professionals, architects, lawyers, doctors, or any of those professions performed on a commercial basis.

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What is nostrification?

Nostrification (Nostrifizierung) is the accreditation process of deeming a foreign degree to be equivalent to an Austrian one. This not only includes checking that your concluding your course ties in with completing an Austrian degree course, but also relates to the rights and obligations arising from holding a specific course of studies or a degree (e.g. the right to use your academic title or an authorisation to practice in certain jobs).

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Who qualifies for social assistance?

To summarise http://bit.ly/ATsocialassistance – mentioned in our flowchart about residence, unrestricted qualification for social assistance (Anspruch auf Leistungen der Sozialhilfe) for foreign citizens in Austria is only possible for citizens of EU Member States or EEA Signatory States who have a claim to social assistance or minimum benefits if they have been employed in Austria or have already been legally resident for five years or longer.

Third country nationals only have a right to such benefits once they have already been legally resident in Austria for more than five years.

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Current freedom of movement rules

An explanation of the current rules of freedom of movement will be helpful to many people:

  1. EU citizens are entitled to enter without a visa. They have the right to stay in the Federal territory for a period of three months. This is regulated in the Foreign Police Act (FPG). Employed persons (employees, self-employed persons, service providers), but also those not gainfully employed, provided they have sufficient means of subsistence and comprehensive healthSozialministerium The Austrian Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection is responsible for the following fields: The health care system Initiatives for people with disabilities Consumer protection Public health and medical issues Care and support The rights of consumers and the protection of their health Senior citizens’ policy Social policy Social insurance insurance cover, have a right of residence for more than three months. The person concerned may not burden the social system of Austria.

The right exists for the following persons:

  • Employed or self-employed persons and job seekers (for a certain period of time)
  • Economically inactive persons (e.g. pensioners) who have sufficient own means of subsistence and comprehensive health insurance cover for themselves and all their family members, or
  • Students and trainees who have sufficient own means of subsistence and comprehensive health insurance cover or
  • Family members of a person, who fulfils one of the criteria listed above.

Therefore a person can rely on their status of economically inactive person, if they can show sufficient own means of subsistence and comprehensive health insurance.

Alternatively a person currently not employed can rely on their family members right to freedom of movement and get an AnmeldebescheinigungAnmeldebescheinigung Every EU citizen who intends to stay longer than 3 months, must apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung within 4 months of first arrival in Austria. This is essentially a snap-shot of your status at that time, and confirms you have fulfilled the conditions to stay in Austria for longer. Your residence is still subject to certain rules. Note: British Citizens could only apply for the Anmeldebescheinigung until the end of the transition period (31.12.2020)/Article 50 EUVAufenthaltstitel "Artikel 50 EUV" The Aufenthaltstitel "Art 50 EUV" is a residency title to be issued to British citizens from the end of the transition period. Its name is derived from Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The "Titel" refers to the document or card itself, and not the right, or permission that it confirms. residence permit as a family member (that is the example with one family member working).

It is important to note that if a person is employed or self-employed there is no income requirement. Any person who, in the context of an employment relationship for remuneration, carries out real and genuine work for a certain period of time is considered a worker Only activities which are of such a small scale that they are completely subordinate and insignificant are disregarded. Neither the limited amount of the remuneration nor the origin of the resources for that remuneration can have any effect on the status of worker within the meaning of Union law. Therefore also persons who are only employed “geringfügiggeringfügig Geringfügige Beschäftigung (marginal employment) relates to low income employment, for which certain conditions and restrictions apply. Someone employed as "geringfügig" has a maximum monthly income of € 460.66 per month. It applies to part-time, season or casual employment relationships, and from an employer's perspective has lower ancillary costs.” or for a small number of hours a week are considered workers.

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